You wonder which town in Europe had its own pharmacy first? Well, Trogir is the one and it was opened way back in 1271.
Trogir, this town island is located in the seafront between the mainland and the island of Ciovo, on the western entrance to the Kaštela Bay. This harmonious stone town is connected with the mainland and the island of Ciovo by bridges.
The old town core, under the protection of UNESCO, is a treasury for art lovers, Romanesque churches as well as Renaissance and Baroque buildings.
The position of Trogir itself was suitable for building a settlement, therefore, this city is one of the eternal cities that have not emerged from necessity but rather from the need to build a settlement at the most suitable location for settling.
Within the natural protection of the city, this place has always been perfect for life because of another fact- around Trogir there is a fertile field around which the millennial history of this city revolves.
Many archaeological researches have shown that man in this area has lived even in prehistoric times. The remains of stone tools, over 45000 years old, were found in the nearby cave. However, the settlement was founded by Greek colonists or merchants from the island of Vis. It is interesting that life at that time did not only take place in the city, but people also settled in fields.
The cathedral of St. Lovre is one of the most famous Trogir monuments.
The whole core of the old town is listed on UNESCO’s list of world heritage as an example of a well-preserved Romanesque island town.
The construction of the cathedral started in 1213 at the same place as the early Christian cathedral, which was also dedicated to St. Lovro.
It is interesting that it took 376 years for complete construction, until in 1589 the last floor of the bell tower was completed.
The main entrance to the cathedral is known as the Radovan portal, which is also the most important medieval portal in the eastern Adriatic and this part of Europe.
The fortress Kamerlengo, which is a magnificent 15th century building, is located on the coast of the city, and its name was obtained by a treasurer who ran all financial affairs in agreement with the prince. Initially, there was only a polygonal tower, and today’s form is owed to the Venetians who have placed their own defense crew here.
Not far from Fort Kamerlengo there is the St. Marco fort which was also built in the 15th century for better defense from the Turkish army. Sometimes the fortress and the tower were connected to the defensive wall.
Today, in the palace of Garagnin-Fanfogna is located a city museum where you can see collections depicting the political, cultural and artistic life of the city since its foundation until the 20th century.
Nowadays, Trogir is a town that combines a wealth of history, beautiful beaches and the blue sea that surrounds it.
Whether it is a day out or a longer vacation, Trogir is a city that should be found on your travelling list because with its small, narrow alleys, numerous restaurants, cafes, souvenir shops and galleries, you will feel that special Mediterranean atmosphere.